Hazardous materials are those that may pose a threat to public health and safety if they were to get into the environment or if a person were to come into contact with them. Some hazardous materials are waste products of certain processes while others have a legitimate use. However, if an accident causes exposure, remediation services Boston MA are necessary to remove the threat. There are different types of hazardous materials, and each poses different potential dangers.
1. Toxic Materials
Toxic materials are poisonous to human beings who come into contact with them. Poisoning may occur due to absorbing the material through the skin, inhaling it, or swallowing it. Protective equipment such as gas masks may protect against accidental exposure.
2. Infectious Substances
Infectious substances are those that can cause disease if a person comes into contact with them. Examples of infectious substances include tear gas, biomedical waste, and biological cultures containing known pathogens, e.g., bacteria, viruses, or fungi. Symptoms of disease may show up quickly following exposure, or onset may be delayed.
3. Flammable Materials
Under certain temperatures or other conditions common in transport, flammable materials are more likely to catch fire. Flammable materials may be either solids or liquids. These materials require special handling to prevent them from igniting during transport.
4. Corrosive Materials
A corrosive is a hazardous material that can produce a chemical reaction, disintegrating or degrading another material with which it comes in contact. Corrosives include acids that, if leaked during transit, can cause severe damage to the tissues of anyone who handles them.
5. Radioactive Materials
The unstable nucleus in the atoms of radioactive materials cause them to decay. This process produces ionizing radiation. It takes special equipment to detect the presence of ionizing radiation, but anyone exposed to it is at risk of severe health problems.
Despite the risks posed by hazardous materials, it is sometimes necessary to transport them from one place to another. Truck drivers responsible for transporting hazardous materials must go through special training and receive extra certification on their commercial driver’s licenses.